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Uganda’s favorable soil conditions and climate have greatly contributed to the country’s agricultural success. Most areas of Uganda, except the north East, usually receive plenty of rain, which in the southeast and southwest plateaus can be as high as 150 mm per month.
In the north, there is a short dry season in December and January, with temperatures varying only a few degrees above or below 20°C. These exceptionally good conditions allow continuous cultivation in the south and annual crop in the north. The north-eastern corner of the country is the driest region, best suited for livestock breeding. So far, only about one-third of the estimated area of arable land has been under cultivation. Uganda has adequate land resources, labour and an excellent climate for the production of high quality cotton in large volumes. Cotton can be grown across two-thirds of Uganda where fertile soils, a suitable climate, favorable policies and a solid marketing structure may lead to increased production.